'Here's to all Elliots and Elliot's bairns,
And them that lie in the Elliot's arms.'
Outside the small circle of the nobility and great magnates, few individuals or families are well recorded in Scottish medieval history; but the obscurity surrounding the origins of the Elliots, who suddenly make their appearance as a distinct Clan with a Chief in the late 15th century is unusual even by the sparse standards of medieval records.
This lack of information can probably be traced to the destruction of the old castle at Stobs in a fire in 1712, when all the family documents, with a single exception, were burnt. One Pedigree dated c.1704, which had been kept at Minto, survived. It is significant, though frustrating, that the author of this Pedigree takes a knowledge of "ye old writes of ye family" for granted and feels no need to retrace the Clan's genealogy before about 1550.
According to family tradition, the Ellots (as the name was then pronounced) came from Angus at the foot of Glenshie, and moved to Liddesdale at the time of Robert the Bruce to ensure this strategically important frontier region.
Our earliest reference is to Redheugh itself in 1376. Next, we know from a Berwickshire Pedigree, of the existence of an "Elwald of Redheugh" living in the early 1400s, a man of some consequence. "Robert Elwald of Redheugh" appears as Chief in 1476. In 1470 he built a strong tower on a cliff overlooking the ford on Hermitage Water. This was one of about one hundred such towers belonging to the Ellots which were dotted around Liddesdale, which they shared with the Armstrongs, another of the great Borders riding clans.
They fought at Flodden where Robert, 13th Chief, was killed along with James IV and the flower of Scottish nobility. The years which followed were bitter ones for Scotland with the infant James V as King, the government and administration of the country in confusion. The Border clans, the only equivalent to a professional standing army in Scotland, braced themselves for defense or retaliation. Thomas, Lord Dacre followed up the Earl of Surrey's victory with forays into Teviotdale, Liddesdale and the Western valleys and it was reported that no corn was sown and that the 100 'pleughs' (4,000 acres) of arable land in Liddesdale was left uncultivated.
It is scarcely surprising that to sustain themselves, the Ellots and the Armstrongs raided the rich and fertile farms on the English side of the Border and gained a considerable notoriety as the most lawless and unruly 'reivers' of the Middle March.
The Union of the Crowns in 1603 marked the beginning of the end for the 'Border Reivers'. There were many summary executions, and around this period many Borderers accepted the offer of a new life in Ulster during the plantation, when much of the province was colonized. Sir Gilbert Eliott of Stobs became Chief in 1673. He was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia by Charles II in December 1666. The 3rd Baronet remodeled the old Tower of Stobs into a mansion house around 1764. His eighth son, George Augustus, was a distinguished soldier, created Lord Heathfield as a reward for his spirited defense of Gibraltar in 1782. Another branch of the family named after their lands at Minto produced considerable diplomats. The 1st Earl of Minto and Viscount Melgund was created in 1813 following his time in India as Governor General of Bengal. The present Chief, Margaret Eliott of Redheugh, is the daughter of Sir Arthur Eliott, 11 Baronet of Stobs, and assumed her father's seat on the Council of Chiefs in 1989, but the baronetcy passed to a male heir living in Australia. The Elliot Clan Society was formed by Sir Arthur Eliott in 1977 following the publication of " The Elliots - Story of a Border Clan " written in conjunction with his mother, the Dowager Lady Eliott of Stobs.
Books on Elliot History and Genealogy
" The Elliots, The Story of A Border Clan "
This is the most excellent book available, on Elliot History. This is a "must have", if you are an Elliot! The book gives detailed account of the Eliott's from the time of Robert the Bruce to the present day.
By the sixteenth century the border clans, of which the Eliott's were one of, had gained the reputation of being, "...the finest light cavalry in all Europe..." The book gives fascinating accounts of contributions made by the Eliott's both in Scotland and abroad. This work was compiled from original charters and contemporary records... After 40 years of research by ( Dora Flournoy Hopkins, wife)The Dowager Lady Eliott of Stobs and Sir Arthur Eliott, her son. The book was published in 1974 in a limited edition of 950 copies by Seeley Service & Co LTD. This book is endorsed by our current chief, Margaret Eliott of Redheugh, (the daughter of Sir Arthur Eliott, 11 Baronet of Stobs). For information about how to purchase this book just click on the link provided below.
Other Books on Elliot History and Genealogy
Please take note ~ The books listed below are ones in which I have read and have found informational regards to Scottish/Elliot history. Keep in mind these are the Webmaster's recomendations and not in particular endorsement or affiliation with the Elliot Clan.
Scottish and Border Reiver History
- The Steel Bonnets ~ by George MacDonald Fraser
- The Border Reivers ~ by Angus McBride
- Famous Scottish Battles ~ by Philip Warner
- Scottish Battles From Mons Graupius to Culloden ~ by John Sadler
- Great Historic Families of Scotland ~ by James Taylor
- now online at electric scotland
- The Irish-Scots A Social History ~ by James Leyburn
- A Holiday History of Scotland ~ by Ronald Hamilton (1975)
Elliot and Border Reivers
- Outlaws of the Marches ~ by Lord Earnest Hamilton
- History of Liddesdale ~ by Robert Bruce Armstrong
Elliots in Colonial America or The War/Rebellion of 1812
- Matthew Elliott, British Indian Agent ~ by Reginald Horsman (1964)
- Historical Geography of Detroit ~ by Earnest Parkins (1918)
- Causes of the War of 1812 ~ Reginald Horsman (1962)
Elliot History and Other Genealogical Research
The Origin of the Elliott,s.... The roots of the Elliot family stems back many centuries... Some traditions claim that they are of ancient Celtic stock and are directly linked with Kings named AEthelgeat and AElfweald. One King ruled in Northumbria on the northeastern coast of England and the other ruled East Anglia to the South. Still others insist that the Elliots are from some sources are a "Noble and Ancient Tribe of Caledonii" (Caledonians)....
Black"sELLIOT, ELIOT, ELIOTT, ELLIOTT. The early form of this well-known border name was Elwald, or Elwold, for the full OE. Aelfwald, and until the end of the fifteenth century the spelling and the name was fairly regular. Elwald and Elwold were common in OE. times and the name continued in use as Christian name down to the period when surnames became common. It was a common name on the borders, the original home of the Elliots. The form Elliot is used by the Minto family and most of the others on the Border, and Eliott is used by the family of Stobo. The four forms of the name are thus referred to in an old rhyme:
Descend from Minto and Wolflee,
The double T and single L
Mark the old race in Stobs that dwell,
The single L and single T
The Eliots of St. Germains be,
But double T and double L
Who they are, nobody can tell.
The Scottish Nation ~ by William AndersonELLIOT, ELIOT, or ELLIOTT, a surname of considerable antiquity both in Scotland and England, possessed by a border clan which resided mainly in the eastern districts of the border. Willis, the antiquary, mentions persons of this name having been seated in Devonshire about the reign of King John, and having branched out into several families, chiefly in the west of England, some of them being of importance to Edward the First. Of the same stock is descended Eliot of Port Eliot in Cornwall, settled there about 1540. There were families of this name in Suffolk and Surrey. The Scottish Elliots appear to have been originally settled on the river and village of Eliot or Elot, in Forfarshire, hence the word Arbirlot, a contraction of Aber-Eliot, the river entering the sea at the parish of that name. As most of the surnames in Scotland were local, it is probable, and this has ever been the opinion of the Elliots themselves, that they had their name from this river. During the reign of Robert the Third, about the year 1395, they were induced to remove, in a body, into Liddesdale, by the family of Douglas, to strengthen their interest on the borders, toward England.
Scottish Surnames ~ by Donald WhyteELIOTT Some seventy spellings of this name have been recorded, the most prolific being Eliot, Eliott and Elliott. The name was originally Elwald or Elwold, in Old English Aefwald, and anciently was used frequently as a forename. The Border clan of the Middle March had a chief in the late 15th century called Robert Elwald, who was Captain of Hermitage Castle. His son was slain at Flodden, 1513, and his son Robert was also Captain of Hermitage Castle. His brother Archibald was ancestor of the Elliots of Arkleton.
The Stobo branch are held to be the senior line of the Border clan, descended from Gavin Eliott, who lived in the late 16th century. The next heir; Gilbert of Stobo, celebrated as Gibbie wi' the gowden gartens, married a daughter of Scott of Harden, and his fourth son, Gavin Eliott of Grange, was father of Sir Gilbert Eliott, 1st Baronet (cr. NS, 1700) of Headshaw and Minto. The 4th Baronet, Sir Gilbert, an eminent ambassador; was created Earl of Minto in 1751. This line is now represented by Gilbert Edward George Lariston Elliot-Murray- Kynynmound, 6th Earl, who resides at Minto House, Hawick. The 11th Baronet of Stobo, Sir Arthur Francis Augustus Boswell Eliott, the family historian, died in 1989, and was succeeded by his cousin, Charles Joseph Alexander Eliott, born 1937. Some of the surname may have derived from the village of Eliot, in Angus.
The Rt Hon. Walter Elliot, 1888-1958, son of William Elliot, Muirglen, Lanark, was a distinguished politician, who was Secretary of State for Scotland, 1926-29, and the recipient of many honours. His second wife, Katharine, 1903-94, daughter of Sir Charles Tennant, Baronet, was active in public life, and was created CBE in 1946 and DBE in 1958. She was also created Baroness Elliot of Harwood of Rulewater; Roxburghshire in 1958.
Association of the Elliot Clan with Angus
Of the association with Eliott/Elliot of Angus and the relation to house/family/Clan Douglas in Angus - some are interchangable thereby of same genalogical stock and or paternal line. As related in historical accounts have shown, in the reign of Robert the Third, the Elliot's in body were persuaded to move into Liddesdale, by the family of Douglas to strengthen their interest on the borders as noted in the book The Scottish Nation*
Great Historic Families of Scotland ~ by James TaylorThe original earldom of Angus was one of the oldest titles in the kingdom. The early rulers of the district termed Angus, or the Mearns, extending along the east coast of Scotland from the Tay to the Dee, which they governed with almost independent authority, bore the title of Mormaor, but little or nothing is known of their history. The inhabitants were a fierce and warlike race, and vigorously resisted the attempts of the Scottish kings to subject the province to their authority. Two of these sovereigns, indeed, lost their lives in battle with the men of the Mearns. Kenneth III., on some pretext or other, caused the son of the Mormaor of the province to be executed at Dunsinnan. In revenge for this deed he was killed, according to the Chronicle of the Picts and Scots ,at Fettercairn, by the treachery of Finella, daughter of Cunchar, whose only son he had put to death.
The first of the chieftains of the province of Angus who bore the designation of Earl was GILCHRIST. A singular story regarding him is related by Buchanan**, on the authority of an old chronicle. For the great services which this powerful noble performed to the Crown he received the hand of the Kings sister in marriage. She, however, proved unfaithful to her marriage vow, and he caused her to be put to death. This murder so enraged the King, William the Lion against Gilchrist that he dismantled his castles, confiscated his estates, and banished him the kingdom. The Earl took refuge in England; but in the treaty between William and the English King Henry it was stipulated that neither of the two should shelter the others enemies. The exiled noble was in consequence obliged to leave England, and returning to Scotland with his two sons, he shifted from place to place in great want and misery. One day they were seen by the King in the neighbourhood of Perth, in the disguise of farmers. Their mien, however, showed them to be superior to that station, and on the approach of the King they quitted the road to prevent discovery. Their evident desire to avoid him roused William,s curiosity, and he caused the three men to be brought before him. On inquiring who they were, Gilchrist knelt down before the King, and in very moving terms acquainted him with their lamentable condition. William was so much affected by the story that he not only pardoned the Earl, but restored him to his former honours and estates.
**BuchananThe Origins of the Buchanan Clan is from Ulster, Ireland. ANSELAN BUEY OKYAN:, the first Scottish Chief of the Clan Buchanan was born about 980, in Ulster, Ireland. Anselan (or Absolon) Buey (or fair) Okyan or Bocainain in Scottish was Buchanan. Tradition states that after many centuries of raiding, the Danes, under Swein The Fork Beard took control of most of England and Ireland from 1013-1014. His son, Canute (994-1035), was to be made King of England. Swein ordered celebrations be held in Limerick, Western Ireland. Swein also ordered that 1,000 beautiful daughters of the Irish nobility must attend. The Irish sent 1,000 people, but they were not female.... They were young men, disguised as women. They had long Irish Scains (daggers) concealed below their cloaks. A massacre of the Danes, at the feast then followed. One of men of the 1,000 was Buey Anselan O Kyan/ O Cahan, (which is pronounced O Kane). He was the son of the King of the Dermod Okyan, provincial King of the southern part of Ulster, Ireland... He fled Ireland and went to Argyll, Scotland....
(note) Unlike England, the Normans never conquered Scotland. The Norman knights and barons were invited by St. David I to build Castles there and help to defend the country. The Scottii or Scots, who gave their name to Scotland, originally lived in Northern Ireland and began to migrate in large numbers to Argyll and Galloway in the fifth century... Small groups seem to have come earlier. The first of Scotland's national heroes, Calgach (Calgacus) was probably a Scot rather than a Pict, according to numerous sources. He and his army held the Romans to a standstill at the Battle of the Mons Grampians in AD 84. The Romans were left in possession of the field but did not pursue their campaign.... Calgacus was referred to by the Roman historian Tacitus as "a man of high courage and lineage". Tacitus described the Caledonians as having "reddish hair and large limbs". The Celtic tribes united against the Romans under Calgacus, but he along with 10,000 of his men were killed at this batttle. The Scots combined with the Picts in the ninth century and at the time "Scotus" could still mean "Irishman".
Electric Scotland now has a whole array Scottish books and articles providing an excellent resource for research & reading about Scotland and the Scots - now available "online". Make sure to check out this page as it is a wonderful resource.
Elliot Clan DNA Studies
The Elliot Clan and Border Reivers DNA Project is still active. As of December 5th, 2010 they have over 800 participants, 214 of which are Elliot. Of the Elliots tested thus far the largest group or clusters with "like" results are WAMH (Western Atlantic Modal Type).
There are some emerging clusters or people that have like results (thus realted):
Daniel Elliott cluster
The "Daniel Elliott" cluster, genetically exemplified by the 12 marker signature 14-24-14-11-11-14-12-12-11-13-13-29,
now has at least 12 members. Many in this cluster have had their DNA results sequenced out to 37 and 67 markers, confirming the
conjecture that they are fairly closely related to each other. BUT they do not seem to be related to the main branch/group of
Scottish WAMH Elliots... Mark Elliott is one of the members in this group. Mark,s father, Loren S Elliott, which some of you may
remember, did some extensive genealogy researh on his line which he submitted to the Elliot Clan USA. Like his father Mark is an
excellent researcher. His studies range from therioes of the Elliott clan in general to the possible origins of the Elliott name,
and the connection to Elliotts in Ulster and elsewhere.
We KNOW that Daniel Elliot was born in Salem between 1660 and 1665 and served as a witness at the Salem witchcraft trials is not in doubt.
In his research Mark Elliott found that the name "Daniel Elliot" existed in both the Scottish Borders during Reiver times and in Fermanagh in the first years of the Ulster Plantation. We believe that Daniel Elliot,s father fought against Cromwell as a teenager in the Battle of Worcester in 1641, and that he was captured and sent to Massachusetts as an indentured servant.
We ALSO believe that:
- Daniel was born about 1634 in Tullykelter.
- He fought the British at Worcester, England along with Wm. Hamilton and James Sumervill. Both of these men who Daniel Elliot knew from Ulster died at Worcester.
- We presume Daniel was captured and taken to Tothill.
- We have evidence that Capt. Allen and John Cloyce, both of Watertown, Mass., brought indentured Scottish prisoners to the Mass. Bay Colony, Boston, and were sold into servature.
notes below courtesy of Mark Elliott (posted march 23rd 2011)
It should be noted that Daniel indentured had son Daniel of testimony builder of Oxford, MA gristmill, who married it is felt
in Framington region the granddaughter of John Cloyce. Daniel of testimony had first son Daniel in Framingham vitals, then had
next son in Salem vital die as a baby, then other children after leaving Salem again in Framingham vitals. Agent for indentured
a (Dr) Daniel Stone second son of Deacon Gregory Stone of Cambridge, MA was agent which supplied money for the indentures.
Oldest son close in age to Daniel; John Stone built a gristmill in Framingham region at about the time Daniel and indenture
arrived from England. Rev John Cotton grandfather to Cotton Mather (who married Deacon Daniel Stone son of John Stone in his
second wedding) wrote Cromwell and said the indenture would not marry until the end of their indenture ship and would spend
about half the time building a house for themselves and the other half in there indenture ship. It is felt that Daniel was
indentured to John Stone as a builder of a gristmill and also built a house in the Framingham region. It is also felt that
Daniel,s son Daniel marriage to the oldest of Peter Cloyce (son to John) Hannah was arranged. Sons of Daniel of the testimony
are Daniel, Ebenezer, John, Johnathan, Peter, Nathaniel. Brothers to Peter who obtained land from the Littilefields, left it to
his brothers, John, and Nathaniel. Peter did have a stepbrother George? who died in the Casco Bay/Falmouth, Maine region the same year 1690 in which indentured Daniel died there as part of the Danver,s Militia.
Daniel Elliot research and genealogy (external link)
Donegal Bay & Fermanagh cluster
The Elliot,s in the Donegal Bay/Fermanagh cluster/group now includes at least 14 members.
George Elliott of the Banbridge Elliott,s. George Elliott b 1731 d 1814 emigrated to PA from County Down, N Ireland around 1760. Served in Revolutionary war in Virginia Navy. Moved with sons to Virginia, then Eastern Kentucky (Lincoln County). William Elliott,s (1763-1853) son James (1805-1886) moved to Grave,s County, KY and had son Samuel Thomas Elliott (1835-1912) Family originates in Scotland. Border family forced to Northern Ireland in late 17th century.
Tradition is that George and his cousin John Elliott, Path Valley John,came to America together sometime before 1754 as John had a fort built in Path Valley just n. of Fannett Twp by then. John,s brother Andrew had a place in West Caln Twp.Chester CO. John stayed with him for awhile. He married his best friends wife after his death. He and George arrived in PA.at first went into VA. Rockbridge /Augusta COs where another cousin (not sure if direct or just family of Irish Elliot cousin)William lived. George and his brother Robert ended up there. Returning to PA. John settled in Path Valley. John is said to have a brother (Will of James is below).
ELLIOTT, JAMES, merchant. September 21, 1783 7 November 1783. Wife Mary, now in Ireland. Freehold estate in town called Maguire's Bridge, County of Fermanagh, Ireland. William Elliott, second son of John Elliott, in said county. William Lyon of Carlisle and Samuel Weakley of Walnut Bottom, Cumberland Co. Land in Hamilton Township. Cousin James Brownlee, County Fermanagh, Ireland. Cousin commonly known by name of Laggon James Brownlee. Cousin William Armstrong and his two sisters, Nancy Armstrong and Jean Armstrong. Cousin Archibald Elliott of County Fermanagh, aforesaid. William Wilson, son of Samuel Wilson, living in Dessiel, County Fermanagh. David McCurdy, John Dillon, David King, Nathaniel Gillespie and Stephen Groves, who are each of them married to sisters of Samuel Weakley. To William, James, Edward, Robert and Nathaniel Weakley. Widow Arthur of Carlisle and her dau. Elizabeth, and her bro. John Elliott of Middleton Township. To Sidney Core of Chambers Town. Margaret Elliott of Middleton Township. Samuel Liggett of Cumberland Co. William Ferguson of Hamilton township. William Brotherton. Rev. Mr. Lang of Conogogig. Cousin George Brownlee and his two sisters. Patrick Campbell. Plantation in Guilford Township joining lands of Col. Crawford, John Alexander and Col. Chambers. Exs: William Lyon of Carlisle, Samuel Weakley and Patrick Campbell of Chambersburgh. Wit: James Hamilton, John Waddell. D. 181-183.
The wife of James was Mary Johnston. Their son William Johnston Elliott held land in Maguire,s Bridge. Haplogroup: R1b1b2a1b5 (tested)
George ELLIOT, b. Abt 1728, , Banbridge, , IRL
2010 DNA results clearly show that this group R1b12 thus NOT related to other I1b Elliots from Ireland (listed below)
George Elliott b: 13 Oct 1731 in Kegley, County Down, Ireland ??? Haplogroup: R1b1b2a1b5 (tested) Last name: Elliott Variant spellings: Elliot Eliot Tested with: Family Tree DNA Contact person: Michael H Elliott Most distant known paternal ancestor on the direct male line First Name: George Last Name: Elliott Year Born: About 1731 Year Died: About 1814 Country of Origin: Banbridge, Down, Northern
Additional information about Paternal Line:
George Elliott b 1731 d 1814 emigrated to PA from County Down, N Ireland around 1760. Served in Revolutionary war in Virginia Navy. Moved with sons to Virginia, then Eastern Kentucky (Lincoln County). William Elliott,s (1763-1853) son James (1805-1886) moved to Grave's County, KY. Son Samuel Thomas Elliott (1835-1912) is my great grandfather. Family originates in Scotland. Border family forced to N Ireland in late 17th century.
George Elliot of the London family came to Ulster in Northern Ireland BEFORE 1686 with a grown family. These Scottish immigrants were displacing Catholic landowners in the Plantation of Ulster after all attempts to bring the Catholics into religious conformity failed.
After the death of Cromwell, the political situation became unstable, and by 1688 an English Revolution was in progress. The Ulster Protestants backed William of Orange, but King James II had the support of the Catholic Irish army. The Protestant settlers gathered in Londonderry and closed the gates behind them and for 105 days, James II laid siege to the city. In this seige of 1689, George survived along with two sons. The father of the line who went to America, William, died at Londonderry. The known children of George Elliott were: George Jr., John, and William. William was the father of Alexander Elliott of Banbridge, Co. Down, Northern Ireland and grandfather of Alexander,s America-bound children.
George had been located in Banbridge, County Down and few records exist from this time. He was in the flax, linen and woolen industry, which may have been a related guild to the cordiners. In 1711, a Board of Development for Linen and Hemp manufacture was formed, bringing traveling teachers and seed from Holland and setting up manufacturing of sail cloth, rope, candle wicks and fabric but by 1713 Great Britain, in an attempt to protect its own markets, severed the Scots and Irish from the market--and foreign markets as well. After this period and for 30 years, thousands of Irish and Scottish migrated to the New World, this Elliott line among them.
The haven-seeking Scot-Irish began to filter into the American colonies after 1700 and became a flood of immigrants by mid-century. Pennsylvania, Maryland, South Carolina and Virginia vied with each other in inducements for these prospective settlers. Philadelphia was the port of entry for many of them. Chester County just a few miles south of the growing city became a center for the County Down arrivals.
The grandson of George Elliott, Alexander (1686-1762) fathered the American branch of this line who followed the exodus to America in pairs, all coming into Philadelphia and some moving to SC, PA, VA, and Maryland. This is a strategic location on the Potomac and the population soon overflowed.
Early settlers into St. Mary,s Co Maryland were William and Robert Elliott, probably sons of John. These sons removed to Southside, Virginia along the James River where they lived in Chesterfield County during the Revolution.
Three of Alexander Elliott,s children: brothers George & Robert and daughter Jane Henderson went to the Augusta-Rockbridge Co. VA area and settled.
South Carolina, too, had its settlement of Co. Down families near Ft. 96 along the Savannah River. Two of the Elliott children were a part of this group: Alexander Elliott Jr. and Mary Clark, perhaps the oldest children of the family.
Virginia was perhaps the most attractive colony to the N. Ireland settlers. A major setline area was known as Bordens Land, taken out by a man from New Jersey. Three of Alexander Elliott,s children chose this area to settle: Capt. George Elliott, Capt. Robert Elliott, and Jane Henderson.
Chains Across the Delawere Elliots (I1b)
Also we have a group of Elliots so named the "Chains Across the Delawere Elliots". This group have a strong paper-trail back to both Ireland and to Scotland and yet DNA is clearly NOT genetic mainstream or WAMH.
Morgan Co. Heritage records that this line of Elliot,s helped to build the New Hope Presby. Church. The family also said to have survived an Indian uprising in 1787, at which time they constructed a fort near Fork Creek west of Paoli,in now Madison County, to protect themselves from future attacks.
More About George Elliott,Sr.:
Military service: Served in the American Revolution from Cumberland Co.,PA. They were detailed as iron masters to make huge chains which stretched across the Delaware River to prevent the British from entering Philadelphia.
Residence: Abt. 1780, Believed to have moved at the forks of the Broad Rivers( in what is now Madison County).
We have DNA on several Elliotts mostly descended from George Elliott Sr b1731 m Mary Henry that match closely. Interestingly enough, this George Elliott group nearly exactly matches a large DNA group (dozens) of Fairbairns (no idea the connection and they don't know either, but are Border Reivers too) and also some Irwins.
The administrator has explored THIS group of Elliotts on their Fairbairn project pages, see: I1b ~ George Elliott and Mary Henry DNA results
The URL for the Elliott Clan and Border Reiver Project RESULTS web page is:
Border Reiver Project Results for Elliot
Electric Scotland online books - www.electricscotland.com